Overwhelming evidence of age discriminationfound in United Kingdom, Taen 2003 Study.
Discrimination is not always overt. Often it is unconscious rather than deliberate - a reflection of attitudes and stereotypes. Rarely do white collar managers in large organizations hire people older than themselves. No statistics are maintained on older workers hiring relative to young workers and the general population - as done with diversity and equal opportunity programs. Report highlights are listed below.
Slogans like we need some “Young Blood or New Blood” only encourage discrimination. "Dead Wood" can be used as code for "Old Wood". Often it's used as a simple excuse for "I did not hire you so you must be dead wood", thinking. A recent batch of loyal higher tenure, higher paid retail workers is layoff at the same time the company seeks to hirer newer workers at even lower retail wages. This happen twice within the last seven years at retailer,Circuit City. We all remember years ago the common discrimination againest older Airline Stewardess.
Age stereo typing is ramped. Boomers who grew up with computers often are perceived to have little computer experience. An age 50 American software engineer who grew up programming mainframes and PC’s who was unemployed back in 2001 is unlikely to have ever found a similiar job, even while companies like Microsoft constantly say they need more H-1B visas to import foreign IT workers into America. A non-union company will make no effort in recalling older workers who were layed-off during a slow down.
Companies that claim skill labor is not available make those statements to justify outsourcing or importing young foreign workers, most often from India for IT jobs. And even worse these foreign workers are often used for profiteering reasons only. Corporations pay these people a high wage relative to India but a low wage relative to America and then mark up their hourly rate 50-100% to the American employer’s for profit. The bottom line is fewer jobs for Americans of any age.
Because discrimination of any kind is illegal, no large organization can say discrimination ever takes place. But if no records are maintained and statistical analysis preformed then how does anyone really know? Perhaps many do not want to know, which is why you will find so little research on this topic.
Here are HIGHLIGHTS from a 2003 report commissioned by the United Kingdom.
People aged 50-64 represent:
• 1/3rd of people of working age;
• 1/5th of those actually in work;
• 1/10th of those on employer and
government training programs.
Government statistics highlight age discrimination. The older the person, the longer they are likely to remain unemployed. Six out of ten unemployed people under the age of 50 get back into work within a year; only one out of ten people over the age of 50 get back into work within a year.
CIPD Age Discrimination at Work, Jan 2001:
In a survey of over 1,000 people the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development found that:
• 1 in 8 workers had been discouraged from applying from jobs on grounds of age;
• 1 in 4 think that employers are not interested in employing people over age 40.
Silicon Research Services, October 2000:
In a study of the IT industry, two-thirds of a sample of 1,400 IT professionals thought they would be unable to get a job past age 45. Union Network International, the authors, concluded that ageism is "rife". Although two-thirds of IT firms have difficulty recruiting, ageism was assessed as having an impact after age 35.
Sheffield Hallam University, 1999:
Research reported in The Detached Male Workforce concluded that:
• 750,000 people over age 50 would like to be working, if they thought that there was a relevant opportunity to do so;
• 9 out of 10 people over age 50 who started job-hunting on redundancy gave up within 12 months because of the response they experienced
Institute of Management, 1997:
In Breaking the Barriers, the Institute reported that:
• 44% of a sample of 1,648 managers
said that they had experienced age discrimination;
• 55% of the sample of managers said
that they had used age as a criterion in recruitment
Here is the link to the complete research report titled: Experience of Age Discrimination: the evidence
Recessions Impact On Over Age 50 Workers
Until now, much of the attention in this recession has been focused on the group of older workers who will toil for more years than they expected because stock market losses have put a severe dent in their retirement nest egg.
Now, new research suggests that a larger group of workers ages 62 to 69 could find themselves with a thornier problem: No job, no prospect for finding another, and forced to retire earlier than they, or their finances, were prepared for.
“Those people, the risk that they’re subject to is not the stock market, it’s the labor market,” said Phillip Levine, a professor of economics at Wellesley College and co-author of a recent paper looking at that phenomenon.
Already, there are signs some older workers are falling into that trap.
Mark Hinkle, a spokesman with the Social Security Administration, said applications for retirement benefits for the fiscal year ended Sept. 30, 2009, rose 22 percent over the 2008 fiscal year, to 2.57 million. That’s much higher than the 15 percent increase that had been projected because of the increase in people hitting retirement age. Hinkle said the discrepancy can be attributed to the impact of the weak economy.
Based on historical trends, Levine predicts that the group of people who are forced out of the labor market because of the recession will be about 50 percent larger than the group who elects to stay in their jobs longer because of the stock market crash.
Being forced to retire earlier than you want to can have serious economic repercussions. In addition to losing your full income and benefits earlier, a person who must start collecting Social Security at age 62 instead of age 65 could see around a 20 percent drop in their monthly benefit, Levine said.
A survey by the Employee Benefit Research Institute found that 42 percent of workers believe they will need to accumulate about $500,000 in retirement savings to live comfortably in retirement. Yet only 26 percent of workers over age 55 had saved more than $250,000 toward their retirement, the survey found.